Proper nutrition is a nutrition that is prepared in all aspects. The raw materials used in food are very important but that is the issue that How we prepare these materials and is very important. In this article, we will compare 11 ingredients used in cooking.Have you ever noticed the type of dish in which you cook? Experts say that the material of the dish and its cover affect the heat dissipation and cooking speed.Some dishes cook food faster and save energy. Some containers also release ingredients in the food that if the material of these dishes is inappropriate, toxic substances may be released in the food.
To make the right choice, it is better to read the rest of this article.
1 -Stone utensils:
- The best and healthiest dishes for preparing food are stone dishes.
- The taste of food cooked in stone dishes is not comparable to other dishes and the food in these dishes is very tasty.
- Any kind of meat in these stone pots with good heat cooks well for two hours.
- Due to the need for low heat and also being stony and therefore not too hot, food burns less.
- Stone pots are very easy to wash, even without detergents and with lukewarm and cold water.
These dishes have been used for thousands of years to cook food and drink water. These dishes are not glazed and therefore very healthy and natural. Of course, in recent years, a coating has been added to pottery, which unfortunately contains lead and is harmful to the body. Try as much as possible to use a dish without paint and glaze, which unfortunately is rarely produced and used today.
3- Teflon dishes:
Non-stick cookware is one of the most popular cooking utensils because it can be used without oil or with the least amount of oil and on low or normal heat. The problem with Teflon dishes is that their coating wears off quickly. This coating is also very sensitive to impact and Spoon or knife blows can damage it. If Teflon gets damage, it releases toxins and toxic particles and the food cooked in it , changes in nature and will be harmful. On the other hand, the bottom layer of Teflon is aluminum, which is a toxic substance, so cooking In a container with damaged Teflon and exposed aluminum, let toxins enter the food. The best work is to get Teflon built in reputable factories and if they get damaged, do not cook in them because they will cause cancer in the long run.
4 -Glazed dishes:
Enamel coatings are usually applied to ceramic or cast iron containers. These dishes are easy to store and can be used to cook foods which need high heat. Unfortunately, glazes like Teflon, if not prepared under standard conditions, can contain toxic compounds Includes lead, cadmium, arsenic and chemical color pigments. The lifespan of the enamel coating is limited and it will be destroyed by impact and sudden heat change. Wire should not be used in washing these dishes. In case of cracking, do not use these containers even to store food And throw them away.
5 -Ceramic utensils:
Ceramic dishes are called ecological or green dishes. This non-stick coating is exactly like Teflon, except that it doesn’t contain harmful compounds in Teflon. Ceramic veneers are somewhat resistant to corrosion, scratches and abrasion, but when damaged, for this reason that the bottom material is aluminum, the possibility of contamination and poisoning of food cooked in them is high and should be discarded. Prices of Ceramic dishes are superior to other utensils, so care must be taken to keep them from being damaged. Of course the lifespan of the ceramic veneer depends on how use of the dish and the amount used and how it is washed.
6-Cast iron utensils:
Cast irons (which are a combination of iron and carbon) have a long life. These dishes are suitable for long-term cooking at medium temperatures, and if they do not contain aluminum,They would be suitable for cooking, so be sure to pay attention to the label and the ingredients in it before buying. It is necessary when using cast iron dishes, Following some tips that cast iron would last longer. First, put them on the heat for a few minutes before using to warm them up. For Making sure the pan is warm enough, you can pour a drop of water into it and if it evaporates quickly, it means the pan is hot. In the event that cast iron dishes are heated, food will not stick to them. Second, water should not store for a long time in a cast iron container that has just been purchased and has not yet been used because it causes it to rust. The third point is to use a soft fabric to wash the cast iron because the Dishwashing wire can cause scratches and damage, and fourthly, after cooking, remove the food from the cast iron dishes so that it does not oxidize. In addition, acidic materials such as lemon juice or tomato sauce should not be poured into uncoated cast iron dishes.
7 -Aluminum containers:
These dishes are offered at a low price in the market. Aluminum has a wide range of applications in cooking. The reason for the popularity of aluminum, its lightness and Spread the heat quickly and evenly. Unfortunately, during the cooking process, the possibility of toxic aluminum compounds entering food or water is very high, so If you care about your health, do not use aluminum containers or cast irons containing aluminum. Aluminum can have terrible effects on the brain and the muscles. These containers are sensitive to impact and deform quickly. Materials released from aluminum containers cause headaches and Alzheimer’s and severe anemia .
8 – Inox or stainless steel containers:
Inox is made of iron, chromium and nickel. Stainless steel pots are very thick, which causes an even distribution of heat
And The result is that the food cooks in them quickly and saves energy. Stainless steel containers are non-stick but you have to be careful not to add chlorine or acid combinations to them. Some stainless steel utensils are known as 18/10, meaning that they have been made of 72% iron, 18% chromium and 10% nickel.
These dishes are considered as the best cooking utensils and have a long life and we can be sure of the health of the food cooked in them.
9 – Glass containers or Pyrex:
Glass cookware, or so-called Pyrex, can withstand high temperatures, and if these dishes are not painted, it can be said to be the healthiest type of dish for cooking. If these containers are not hit hard and do not suffer from temperature shock, they are durable and most importantly that can be recycled! The only thing is that you have to be careful that the food does not stick inside them. These dishes are not harmful to the body. At the same time, they don’t have any advantages too.
10 -Copper utensils:
According to the research of modern scientists, the human body, especially the “brain”needs billions of copper ions and less iron ions for health and vitality and control of the acids, which cooking food in copper utensils provides this amount of copper ions to enter the body through food and maintain balance and Promote the health of the body.
Copper conducts heat well and can easily control the cooking temperature. Only by giving low to medium heat can get the best result from it. Brass utensils are also made of copper and zinc, which are less used.
Copper reacts with acidic foods, so copper utensils are usually coated with a layer of another metal, such as tin or steel or nickel, to prevent copper from entering food. This layer dissolves in food in small amounts during cooking, especially if acidic foods cooked or stored for a long time in these dishes. Therefore, cooking acidic foods in uncovered copper utensils should be avoided.
The natural antimicrobial properties of copper and its alloys, such as brass, dramatically reduce the presence of filamentous bacteria.this iron by preventing the reproduction and destruction of their (DNA) kills these bacteria.
Copper is a good conductor of heat and if you cook on stove, it can be a good dish. Copper utensils are commonly used to make jams.
Copper with red color oxidizes over time in the presence of air and turns gray-green. Copper that turns this color is harmful to health. It should also be noted that too much copper is harmful to health, so the inside of the copper is usually covered with another metal. The Problem of Copper utensils are those whose inner lining wears off over time following the use or spillage of acidic materials. Recently copper utensils are caoted with stainless steel that is easier to maintain and healthier to use. Some containers are also a combination of copper and zinc but their number is very small and to hard to find. The best coating for copper utensils is tin. When the container changes color, cover it again with tin.
11 -Silicone containers:
Silicon is something like rubber and is made from a natural combination of silicon and oxygen. Use more silicone utensils in baking sweets. The cooking time in these dishes is fast and even without oil, the food can be separated from them. They can be easily washed and they can be Transferred from the freezer to the oven. Of course, these dishes should not be placed on direct heat. The quality of silicone containers and their prices are different. Silicon Paltines are one of the most expensive types and can be used at very high temperatures. Silicon peroxide is the weakest type of silicon and Unlike the Paltini type, it does not tolerate 200 degrees Celsius for 4 hours. Low quality silicone produces an unpleasant odor when used and may introduce toxic molecules into your food, so if your silicone container is not of the right type, just use it for foods that are prepared in cold weather(like jelly).