Muscle cramps are the involuntary contraction of the fibers that make up muscle. Nerves control muscle fibers. When something irritates the nerves or damages it, causing the muscle fibers to contract and become clogged.the person can often feel and see these cramps under his skin.
In this article, we look at some of the causes of muscle cramps. Most of them are harmless; But some are more serious. We also have tips about how to treat and prevent muscle cramps.
What should be done to treat contusion?
- Wash with warm water. Apply natural fragrant olive oil to the area and cover the bruise with a cotton cloth overnight.
- Mix black seed powder with natural honey and put it on the sore spot for 1 to 2 hours.
- Do not shake at all when it hurts. After a few seconds, you will automatically come out of this spasm and you’ll be relieved.
- If your muscle is cramped, do not move that part at all, as there is a possibility of rupture of the arteries. Just massage gently and slowly relax the limb.
- Massage of the limb is suitable and soothing for muscle cramps if it is not very severe, but in case the muscle is stretched,Massaging causes unpleasant pain.
Joint, muscle and bone pain
In the past, sea salt and various herbs were used as an ointment to reduce and prevent pain, even today These plants are used to prepare medicines.because the sea salt increases blood flow to the target tissue, it nourishes and gets better texture and warmth. As a result, it reduces pain and improves it. In addition, the effective minerals in sea salt and plants which enter the body through the skin, makes bones strong and healthy.
Causes of muscle cramps
1. Nervous pressure and stress
One of the causes of leg cramps is stress, which can cause leg cramps in sleep. During pregnancy, stress,
can cause muscle cramps. Sometimes these muscle cramps occur with nerve roots in the stomach and intestines with stomach pain and colitis.
2. Mineral deficiency
Sometimes the imbalance of minerals and enzymes in the body causes muscle cramps. Decreases or increases magnesium, calcium, sodium and potassium in the blood causes muscle contraction and cramping.
Elevated levels of lactic acid in the muscles due to dehydration cause muscle pain, because dehydration causes blood to not reach the muscles and the muscle becomes cramp. By drinking enough water you can prevent muscle cramps during activity and exercise, because fluids excreted from the body during heavy exercise and the body become dehydrated. In this case, the blood volume decreases and there is not enough blood to deliver oxygen to all the muscles.
4. Decreased blood flow
Clogged arteries and narrowing of the arteries that carry blood to the legs can cause muscle cramps during exercise, which usually disappear after exercise.
5. Being under pressure
Muscle cramps and pain in the legs may be due to nerve compression in the spine (spinal canal stenosis). Muscle pain gets worse when you walk for a long time, or being in the wrong position during work and daily activities, such as sitting and standing for a long time and lifting heavy objects in a Wrong way from the ground leads to muscle cramps. Walking with your back slightly bent can improve or delay pain symptoms.When a person exercises hard or for a long time, he may develop muscle cramps. Research shows that this muscle cramp can happen after exercise for two reasons:
1_Exercise can lead to muscle fatigue, and muscle fatigue can cause twisting and tightening of overactive muscle fibers.
2_Exercise may cause electrolyte imbalance due to sweating, and as we know, electrolytes play a role in muscle contraction. a lack of Electrolytes in muscle fibers can cause muscle contraction.
Muscle contraction in the arms and legs is one of the most common cramps caused by excessive exercise. Busy muscles in physical activity are more likely to get tired, which can include leg, thigh or biceps muscles, depending on the type of exercise.
6. Not getting enough sleep
Brain chemicals, or neurotransmitters, are involved in transmitting information from the brain to the nerves that control muscle contraction. Lack of sleep can affect the function of neurotransmitter receptors. This reduces the brain’s ability to send these signals, and this complication can lead to the transmission of additional signals to the muscle fibers, resulting in muscle contraction. Muscle cramps can be seen due to more fatigue in the eyelids.
7. Excessive caffeine intake
Drinking too much coffee, tea or energy drinks that contain caffeine may cause muscle cramps or sprains. Caffeine acts as a mild diuretic, so if you drink a lot, you are more prone to dehydration and, as mentioned, dehydration can lead to muscle cramps.
Caffeine can also block the absorption of certain nutrients and electrolytes, such as magnesium, potassium and vitamin D, which are necessary in preventing Muscle cramps.
8. Calcium deficiency
The body needs calcium to support proper muscle function. Calcium deficiency can cause muscle cramps. Calcium deficiency is Known as hypocalcemia. People can get calcium from dairy products, beans, soy, tofu, nuts and leafy vegetables.
9. Magnesium deficiency
Magnesium also plays an important role in keeping nerves and muscles healthy. This mineral supports nerves and muscles function by transferring calcium in cell membranes.Magnesium deficiency can cause muscle cramps anywhere in the body, including the face. Magnesium deficiency is Known as hypomagnesemia.
Causes of magnesium deficiency include:
- Poor diet
- Drinking too much alcohol
If people do not pay attention to magnesium deficiency, this problem may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
10 .Vitamin D deficiency
Nerves need vitamin D to transmit messages from muscle to brain and from brain to muscle. Vitamin D deficiency can cause muscle weakness and cramps.
Reasons for vitamin D deficiency include not being exposed to direct sunlight and poor diet.
11 .Consuming certain medications
Taking certain medications can lead to involuntary muscle cramps. This reaction may be a side effect or due to interference of other drugs. These include antidepressants and medications used to control blood pressure.Some Antidepressants medicines have a stimulating effect and this can cause involuntary contraction of muscle fibers, while antihypertensive drugs can affect electrolytes balance. People are better when taking a new drug and observing it talk about this problem in terms of side effects and drug interactions with the doctor.
Nicotine can also be a cause of muscle cramps, as it is a stimulant like caffeine.
Treatment of muscle cramps
Treat muscle cramps with these simple home remedies.Here are some of these home remedies.
1 .gentle massage
You can reduce muscle cramps with massage because gentle massage improves blood flow and relaxes the muscles.Massage the cramp area well with your fingers.
2. Hot shower
A hot tub or hot shower can reduce muscle cramps. The heat will relieve muscle cramps and relieve them.
A regular muscle stretching program helps maintain muscle flexibility and relaxation and prevents muscle cramps. Toe Lay up and pull your legs towards your head. Stay in this position for 30 minutes. This stretch will relax the lumbar muscles.
4. Hot compress
Place a hot water bag on the area for 30 minutes until the desired position is red, then rub the position to loosen and remove the blockage. The redness of the position is due to the fact that the red blood cells cause the muscles to warm up. Warm compresses or using a warm towel Or an electric blanket stimulates blood flow to the position and relieves muscle cramps.
Dehydration can cause muscle cramps. So it is better to drink enough fluids every day to compensate for the lost fluids of your body.
Do not drink too much water and avoid drinking cold water.
6. A healthy diet
Lack of a nutrient in the body can cause muscle cramps. Potassium and calcium are minerals that can cause muscle cramps. Adding these nutrients to the family table and having a balanced diet can be very effective in treating muscle cramps.
7. Chamomile tea
To reduce muscle cramps, consuming at least 5 cups of chamomile tea a day is very helpful. Because chamomile tea contains a type of amino acid called
Glycine which helps to relax muscles.
Honey can be effective in relieving muscle cramps, consuming 2 teaspoons of honey with food,prevents leg muscle cramps.